Child, along with the scope we need to know

Child, along with the scope we need to know






Child, along with the scope we need to know a lot of things that we should know the child Biologically, a child (plural: children) is a human between the stages of birth and puberty, the legal definition of child generally refers to age, otherwise known as people who are more younger than the age of majority.

we know that the child may also describe a relationship with a parent (such as sons and daughters of any age)  or, metaphorically, an authority figure, or signify group membership in a clan, tribe, or religion; it can also signify being strongly influenced by time, place, or circumstances, such as in "natural child" or "child of the Sixties". 





in kehidupanya There are many social problems that affect children, such as childhood education, bullying, child poverty, dysfunctional families, child labor, starvation, and homeless children. Children can be raised by parents, by fosterers, guardian or partially raised in a center penitipan.inilah fact that now occur



Child, along with the scope we need to know




Children play a ball game, Roman artwork, 2nd century AD
The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child defines a child as "a human being below the age of 18 years unless under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier".  It has been ratified by 192 of 194 member countries.

we realize that Biologically, a child is generally people between birth and puberty. Several English definition of the word child include the fetus (sometimes called the unborn). [6] In many cultures, a child is considered an adult after undergoing the ritual, which may or may not correspond with the onset of puberty.

Children generally have fewer rights than adults, and are classified as unable to make a serious decision, and the law must always be under the care of a responsible adult or child foster care, whether their parents are divorced or not. Recognition of childhood as a state different from adulthood began to emerge in the 16th century and the 17th. People are starting to relate to a child is not a miniature adult, but as a person of a lower level of maturity requires the protection of adults,

love and care. These changes can be traced in the paintings: During the Middle Ages, the children depicted in art as miniature adults without child-like characteristics. In the 16th century, images of children began to acquire the appearance of such children are different. From the late 17th century onwards, the kids show playing with toys and then literature for children also began to develop when ini.itulah development over time,

Mental development of children

for that every child goes through many stages of social development. Baby or very young child will play alone happily. If another child wanders onto the scene, it can be physically attacked or pushed out of the way. Furthermore, children can play with other children, gradually learning to share and take turns. Finally, the group grew larger, three or four children. By the time a child enters kindergarten, he usually can join in and enjoy the experience of the group. [8]

Children should ADHD and learning disabilities may need extra help to develop social skills. Characteristics of impulsive children with ADHD can lead to poor peer relationships. Children with poor attention spans may not tune in to social cues in their environment, making it difficult for them to learn social skills through experience.

Age of accountability that we need to know

we know Further information: The age of consent, age of majority, age of criminal responsibility, and the age of marriage

maksutnya here The age at which children are considered responsible for the actions of people who bound them (e. G. Married, sound, etc.) also have changed over time, and this is reflected in the way they are treated in courts of law. In Roman times, children are considered not guilty to the crime, a position later adopted by the Church. In the 19th century, children younger than seven years is believed to be capable of the crime. Children from the age of seven advanced deemed responsible for their actions. Therefore, they could face criminal charges, sent to an adult prison, and punished like adults by whipping, branding or hanging. Today, in many countries such as Canada and the United States, children twelve and older are responsible for their actions. They can be sent to a special correctional institution, such as the rehabilitation remaja.agar get proper treatment

many survey found that at least 25 countries worldwide have no specific age for compulsory education. The minimum working age and marriage age also vary. In at least 125 countries, children aged 7-15 may be taken to court and risk jail felony. The age limit / voluntary voluntary military was also debated at the international level. In some countries, children are legally obliged to go to school until they are 14 or 15 years, but it can also work before that age. a child's right to education is threatened by early marriage, child labor and imprisonment.


1. The death of a child following 


child mortality and infant mortality

many infant mortality rate in the world in 2012.
At the beginning of the 17th century in England, the average life expectancy is only about 35 years, largely because two-thirds of all children die before the age of four.  During the Industrial Revolution, the life expectancy of children increased dramatically.

According to experts and specialists population health, child mortality rates have fallen sharply since the 1990s. About 12.6 million children under five babies die every year worldwide in 1990, which had declined to 6.6 million infant deaths in 2012. The infant mortality rate decreased from 90 deaths per 1,000 live births in 1990, to 48 in the year 2012. the highest average infant mortality rates in Sub-Saharan Africa, at 98 deaths per 1,000 live births - more than double the world average of 48. 

2. Education of children

untul Education, in a general sense, refers to the act or process of conveying or acquiring general knowledge, developing the powers of reasoning and judgment, and prepare intellectually for mature life.  Formal education is most often occurs through the school. A right to education has been recognized by several governments. At the global level, Article 13 of the 1966 UN International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights recognizes the right of everyone to education.  Education is compulsory in most places until a certain age, but school attendance is not possible, with alternative options such as home-schooled or e-learning that is recognized as a valid form of education in certain jurisdictions.

many children in some countries (notably in parts of Africa and Asia) are often kept out of school, or attend only for short periods. Data from UNICEF show that in 2011, 57 million children out of school; and more than 20% of African children have never attended primary school or had left without completing basic education.  According to UN reports, the battle to prevent 28 million children around the world to receive an education, because of the risk of sexual violence and attacks on schools.  Other factors that keep children out of school, including poverty, child labor, social attitudes, and distance to the school. [20] [21]

3. Attitudes toward children

we know that the group of children Breaker in Pittston, Pennsylvania, 1911. Child labor is very common in the US and Europe in the late 19th and early 20th century. Currently, the highest rates of child labor in Africa.
Social attitudes toward children differ around the world in various cultures. This attitude has changed over time. A 1988 study on European attitudes toward the centrality of children found that Italy more child-centric and Holland less child-centric, with other countries, such as Austria, England, Ireland and West Germany fell in between.

child marriage is common in human history. Today child marriage rates reach 75% in Niger and 68% in the Central African Republic and Chad, 66% in Bangladesh and 47% in India. 

The protection of children from violence is considered an important contemporary goal. This includes protecting children from exploitation, such as child labor, child trafficking and sale, sexual abuse of children, including child prostitution and child pornography, military use of children, and child laundering in illegal adoptions. There exist several international instruments for this purpose, including the following


  1. B4. entuk the Worst Forms of Child Labour
  2. Minimum Age Convention, 1973
  3. Optional Protocol on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography
  4. Council of Europe Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse
  5. The Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict
  6. Adoption of the Hague Convention
  7. EU Directive 2011/92 / EU of the European Parliament and of the Council dated December 13, 2011 on combating the sexual abuse and sexual exploitation of children and child pornography. [24]


Thus our review of the Child, along with the scope we need to know the above article may be useful for us all, especially for the readers and do not forget I say many thanks for his visit hopefully we will arrange a meeting at another time with a different post title

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