Understanding Cancer The liver is harmful to the body

 Understanding Cancer The liver is harmful to the body

Understanding Liver Cancer

Liver cancer is a cancer that originates from the liver or liver organ. There are two classifications of liver cancer based on the location of growth or spread (metastasis), namely primary and secondary liver cancer. Primary liver cancer is a cancer that begins in the liver and includes a potentially fatal type of cancer. Secondary liver cancer starts from other body parts then spreads and grows in the liver.

One of the most common types of liver cancer is hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) / hepatoma which is a primary liver cancer that develops from a major liver cell called hepatocytes. HCC occurs about 75% of all primary liver cancers. This cancer can be a complication of hepatitis (inflammation of the liver) and cirrhosis (normal liver tissue is replaced by scar tissue).

Secondary liver cancer is commonly named by the organ from which early cancer cell sites develop, such as metastatic colon cancer, which begins in the large intestine and then spreads to the liver. Secondary liver cancer is more common than primary liver cancer. In addition to the spread of cancer in the colon, secondary liver cancer also comes from the spread of breast, lung, pancreatic, stomach, ovarian, and skin cancers (melanoma).
Much Happens in Developing Countries

In the world, liver cancer is the fifth most common cancer among men and ninth among women. This cancer is the second most common cause of cancer deaths worldwide, after lung cancer.

About 83 percent of cases of liver cancer in the world occur in developing countries. The cause of high cases of liver cancer in developing countries is the high cases of hepatitis B and C in these countries, including in Indonesia. Whereas in developed countries such as countries in Europe, the main causes of liver cancer are high alcohol consumption and increased obesity.

In Indonesia, there are an estimated 18,000 new cases of liver cancer each year, based on data in 2012. This figure is expected to increase with increasing numbers of hepatitis B and C patients who currently reach 30 million inhabitants.

Important Functions of Liver Organs

With hundreds of functions performed, the liver becomes one of the most complex organs in the human body. Liver cancer is categorized as a serious disease due to inhibition of liver functions, even actually stop it. The following are some of the most important functions of the heart:

    Eliminating toxins from the body
    Digest protein and fat
    Producing a fat-busting liquid (gall) that helps digestion
    Helps control blood clots

Recognizing Liver Cancer Symptoms

Symptoms of this disease are usually in the form of general or less specific such as fatigue and nausea. Many people who just feel the symptoms clearly after the cancer reaches an advanced stage. Symptoms of liver cancer include:

    Weight loss without cause
    Jaundice (yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes due to increased levels of bilirubin in the human body)

Causes Of Liver Cancer

The exact cause of liver cancer is still unknown, but the disease is thought to be related to tissue damage of liver cells, such as cirrhosis liver disease. Cirrhosis can be caused by hepatitis B or hepatitis C virus infection.

Hepatitis B or C sufferers of liver inflammation are at risk of triggering damage and the occurrence of scar tissue in the liver. This condition can then develop into liver cancer.

Some unhealthy habits or lifestyle can be a risk factor for liver cancer. One of them is alcohol abuse. Consuming more than the recommended amount of alcohol can cause permanent liver damage and increase the risk of liver cancer. In addition, obesity is believed to also increase the risk of liver cancer because it is closely related to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD).

Early Cancer Diagnosis May Be Possible

If a general practitioner suspects or diagnoses you have had liver cancer, you will be referred to a specialist hospital for further examination. The sooner the disease is diagnosed, the more effective the treatment is given.

In fact only 1 in 5 people can survive, at least a year after being diagnosed with liver cancer. And only 1 in 20 people survive at least five years. This is because as many as 9 out of 10 new patients are diagnosed when the cancer already exists at an advanced stage. In most people, the cancer has grown too severe to be cured.

So that liver cancer can be diagnosed earlier, people who are at high risk of the disease are advised to examine themselves on a regular basis

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