What to do when a child has dengue fever

What to do when a child has dengue fever

Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is one of the causes of child mortality that is quite high in some Asian countries, including Indonesia. This disease is carried by a virus through intermediaries of female mosquitoes of the type Aedes aegypti.

DHF is classified as mild in children, often in the form of fever without certain symptoms. If symptoms appear, it generally occurs around 4-7 days after being bitten by mosquitoes causing dengue fever.

 What to do when a child has dengue fever

Symptoms of DHF in Children

In more severe cases of DHF, the child can experience symptoms that are generally in the form of:

    High fever to reach 40 degrees Celsius
    Pain in the back of the eye
    Pain in bones, muscles and joints
    Nausea and vomiting
    Swelling of the gland.

In addition, children can experience red spots on some parts of the body. The symptoms generally will last for 7 days ...

But in certain situations, symptoms can worsen, triggering dengue shock syndrome. This condition can be life threatening, because of a blood vessel leak and a decrease in platelet count. If not treated immediately, can cause bleeding from the gums and nose, bleeding under the skin, difficulty breathing, weakness, continuous vomiting, cold sweat and severe abdominal pain.
How is the Right Handling?

Take it to a doctor immediately if your child experiences some of the symptoms of DHF above. The doctor will perform a blood test to confirm the diagnosis.

Actually there is no special treatment for DHF, but doctors can help reduce the severity of symptoms and improve the immune system to fight the virus, namely:

    If the doctor prescribes paracetamol to reduce fever, make sure the child takes it. In addition, you can use compresses on the forehead to reduce fever.
    Make sure the child gets enough rest.
    Give plenty of fluids to children to prevent dehydration.
    Give nutrition-rich foods.

Avoid giving pain relievers such as aspirin and ibuprofen because they can affect platelet levels in the blood and increase the risk of bleeding.

It is not uncommon for children affected by dengue to be hospitalized. As a step to replace fluids lost due to diarrhea, vomiting or loss of appetite, the doctor will give fluids through an IV. In the case of children who lose a lot of blood, blood transfusions need to be done.
Provision of DHF Vaccine

Currently there is a vaccine to prevent DHF. Based on research that has been carried out in several countries, this vaccine can be used. However, many factors are still a concern. Like the price of this vaccine that still cannot reach all levels of society. However, the Indonesian Pediatrician Association (IDAI) has included it in the recommendation of the child's immunization schedule as one of the prevention measures for DHF.

To prevent dengue fever in children, you can do several ways. Among others, using mosquito repellent lotion, using insect repellent, cleaning water reservoirs, installing mosquito repellent wire and using closed clothes to protect against mosquito bites.

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