PAPER WASPS - what is the danger to humans?

 PAPER WASPS - what is the danger to humans?

 

paper wasps

PAPER WASPS -    Wasp brains are small, less than a million times the size of the human brain. However, when it comes to remembering faces, wasps are just as good as humans. These insects have developed a special ability to recognize faces that are analogous to systems used by humans.

The wasp's unique ability was revealed by a University of Michigan evolutionary biologist who conducted research with his graduate students.



6 types of dangerous wasps

 

1. Wasp Ndas (Tawon Endas / Vespa affinis)


This wasp is one of the most popular wasps in Indonesia with a dominant black color. There is news that says, this wasp has caused death in several areas, one of which is in Central Java.

 

 The characteristics of this deadly wasp are:

     Has a small to medium size. The queen is 30 mm, the worker is 22-25 mm, and the male is 26 mm.
     Place the nest in a convenient place. It can be high (3 meters in the roof area of the building) or it can be low (in small trees less than one meter high).
     The size of the wasp nest reaches 60 cm. If in the forest or far from humans it can reach

 2 meters.

 
     On the back there are orange and yellow colors that are dominant and easily recognizable.

 In terms of body shape, this wasp is almost the same as the endas wasp, which both have yellow and orange colors on their backs. The following are details of the characteristics of the Vespa tropica wasp:

    Queens measure less than 30 mm, workers 24 to 26 mm, and males 26 mm.
    Make nests in tree holes and underground.
    The nest is in the form of a bowl with a hollow bottom.
    Can cause brittleness of the soil structure.

 

read also  how to get rid of a wasp nest

3. Vespa wasp analyst

The following are the characteristics of the analyst Vespa wasp:

    The average size is 20 to 30 mm.
    The nest is placed in an elevated place, more than 60 cm.
    The nest is dark and sturdy.
    At the end of the body there is a yellow color.

4. Vespa velutina wasp

One of the characteristics of this dangerous type of wasp is its yellow legs. This wasp is often also called the Asian hornet or yellow legged hornet because of the color of its legs. The following details the characteristics of the Vespa Velutina:

    The size of the queen is 30 mm, the worker is 20 mm, and the male is 24 mm.
    Can kill honey bees and prey on their larvae.
    The legs are yellow.
    The nest is placed on a high place with a rough and elongated texture.

The four types of Vespa wasps above do look similar at first glance. To know the difference is quite difficult especially when they are flying. Except for the Vespa tropica wasp that lives underground.
5. Paper wasps

This type of wasp is very easy to find in homes. To recognize it, please check the characteristics below:

    Her body is slender.
    His belly is long.
    The nest is made of paper and has holes in it.
    The nest is located around the roof of the house or the ceiling of the building.
    Prey on larvae and pests in the garden.


These wasps won't sting unless disturbed, but can still be dangerous if they do sting.


6. Cicada killers

The habitat of this wasp is on the ground with the following characteristics:

    The belly is black.
    On the wings there are yellow and orange spots.
    Its main target is crickets but it can also sting humans.
    Easy to breed.

Given that there are so many species of wasps, we must still be careful with this one insect.

"Wasps and humans independently developed specifically similar facial recognition mechanisms, although everything about the way we see and how our brains structure it is very different," said Michael Sheehan, a member of the facial recognition research team led by evolutionary biologist Elizabeth Tibbetts. "It was very surprising and odd."

Sheehan says what he's doing is the first study to find an insect with this level of visual observation. In previous research, Tibbetts showed that paper wasps of the type Polistes fuscatus can recognize individuals of their species through variations in facial marking patterns. The wasps are also more aggressive towards wasps with faces they don't recognize.



The new study is a continuation of Sheehan and Tibbetts' previous research, published in the journal Current Biology in 2008. In that research, they showed that the nearly 2-centimeter wasp actually has an unusually long memory and acts according to what they remember. about their previous social interactions with the other wasps.

In their new study, Sheehan and Tibbetts tested this learning process by training wasps to distinguish between two separate images set up in a T-shaped maze, with each image placed on either end of the T arm.

They trained 12 wasps to perform 40 trials on each face type continuously. The facial images displayed in pairs are photos of normal paper wasp faces, photos of caterpillars, simple geometric patterns, and wasp faces that have been modified using a computer. The prize of food was consistently associated with one of the pictures of the two paired pictures.

Researchers found that paper wasps, which are caterpillar predators, were able to distinguish two faces of P. fuscatus more quickly and more accurately than a photo of a pair of caterpillars, two different geometric patterns, or a computerized photo of a pair of wasp faces. They learn to pick the face of the wasp that hasn't been changed properly about three-quarters of the time.

 

 The wasp's two simple black-and-white geometric patterns should be easy to distinguish, because the insect's compound eyes can detect contrast and profile well, Sheehan said. However, wasps can learn more complex facial images faster than geometric patterns.

But even the slightest change in the wasp's facial image, such as the loss of the wasp's antennae that was removed using a photo editing program, would cause the experimental subject to lose his ability in facial recognition tests.

"This shows that the way they study faces is different from the way they study other patterns," said Sheehan. "They treat the face as something different."

The facial recognition system developed by the northern paper wasp is analogous to humans' special ability to study faces. "But it should be noted that we are not claiming that wasps study faces in the exact same way that humans do," he said.

The ability to identify individuals is particularly important for species such as P. fuscatus, which live in a nest that is shared by several queens. The wasps in the community work together to maintain the queen wasp's offspring, as well as compete to form a linear dominance hierarchy. The ability to remember who they have served and served can prevent worker wasps from wasting energy on repeated confrontations and can increase colony stability by reducing friction with each other.

Sheehan also tested the ability of another wasp species, which is still closely related to the paper wasp, namely P. metricus. Compared to P. fuscatus, this species lacks a variety of facial patterns and lives in colonies controlled by a single queen. In the T-maze test, P. metricus did not score satisfactorily when asked to discriminate between individual species.

"The difference in facial recognition between the two species cannot be accounted for as a general difference in visual learning ability, because these two species learn to distinguish between artificial and caterpillar patterns at the same rate with the same degree of accuracy," Tibbetts said in the report. "P. fuscatus and P. metricus differ only in their ability to study normal facial stimuli."

The two concluded that the results of this study show that the facial recognition of paper wasps is due to stress.

 READ ALSO   GROUND WASP

 8 Species of Bees and Wasps,

 

 1. Honey bee This bee has a medium size with a golden brown color on the belly and a striking band. 

Honey bees follow flower cycles in trees, shrubs, perennials, and other plants. Read also: The story of Purwanto Professor Bee from Yogyakarta, 

Find the Best Honey in Asia Honey bees are passive insects that can sting if they feel threatened. Honeybee groups can be found in tree cavities or strategic house locations. It is better to stay away from honey bee colonies or groups that have guard bees. 

A honeybee swarm consists of thousands of bees. However, they only swarm around the queen bee while looking for a new place. Bumblebee or known as a beetle See Photo Bumblebee or known as a beetle (shutterstock.com) 

 

2.Bumblebee (Beetle) This one bee is known as the wild bee or beetle. A big hairy bee. Part of the body is black with bright and distinctive stripes on the chest and abdomen. These bees include stinging, but can be tame when working. Its job is to collect nectar and pollen on plants. 

This bee also has yellow hair on the chest and upper abdomen. Carpenter Bee or bees that are in the cavities of trees. See Photos of Carpenter Bees or bees in tree cavities. (shutterstock.com) 

3. Carpenter Bee (Wood Bee) The wood bee is a large but smooth black bee without hair. Also read: 5 Ndas Wasp Facts You Must Know, 

from Active Time to Pheromone Male bees on wood bees do not sting. But it would be annoying if someone approached his territory. Usually interferes with flying around the person. A female wood bee that can sting, 

but is not aggressive. As a form of resistance to people or other animals that interfere. These bees are in tunnels or cavities of wood or twigs. Sweat Bee See Photo of Sweat Bee (shutterstock.com) 

 

4. Sweat Bees The Sweat Bee is a small and agile bee, harmless to humans.

 For color, this bee is quite varied, ranging from gray to metallic green. Although harmless, the female bee from Sweat Bees is capable of stinging if it feels threatened. To expel it, simply with a gentle push or blow. So the sweat bees will not feel threatened and are able to leave without having to sting. Yellow Jacket is a wasp. Unlike bees, wasps are more aggressive. 

See Photo Yellow Jacket is a wasp. Unlike bees, wasps are more aggressive (shutterstock.com) 

 

5. Yellow Jackets Yellow jackets or the yellow jacket is a wasp that can sting many times. Some of them build nests in the ceiling, but some build houses on the ground. They are the same size and are bright yellow-black in color. This wasp is an aggressive and grumpy colony. 

They collect nectar for themselves and their children to consume. Not only in plants, they also look for food sources around the garbage. Paper wasps See Photo Paper wasps (shutterstock.com) 

 

6. Paper Wasps Slim and long belly, paper wasps (paper wasps) are more dangerous than the yellow jacket or yellow jacket wasps. 

Also read: How to Get Rid of Ndas Wasps Nesting in the Home Area They form nests like they are made of paper. Usually under the roof or ceiling of the building. As long as they are not disturbed, they will not attack even if the nest is close to humans. 

This wasp is able to prey on larvae or pests in the garden. Cicada killers See Photo of Cicada killers (shutterstock.com) 

 

7. Cicada killers Habitat for this wasp is in the ground and the number can increase.

 It has a black belly with yellow spots and an orange tint on the wings. Has an aggressive nature and is at risk of stinging humans. Their main target is crickets, as well as food for their children. 

 

8. Wasps The biggest and scariest wasps. 

There are two species, namely the European wasp with black and yellow colors. Has a shape like a yellow jacket and makes a nest like a paper wasp. 

Read also: When the Wasp Attack Ndas Ferocious in Central Java... Other species are shaped like a yellow jacket with a larger size. It has a black belly and prominent white markings on the head. Both species are venomous and dangerous if the nest is disturbed.




QUESTIONS THAT COME ON OUR MIND


Are paper wasps dangerous?

 
Slim and long bellies, paper wasps (paper wasps) are more dangerous than the yellow jacket or yellow jacket wasps. They form nests like they are made of paper. Usually under the roof or ceiling of the building.

What is the traditional remedy for wasp bites?

 
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Treating bee stings with natural ingredients

    Aloe vera gel. Aloe vera plant or aloe vera contains a gel that gives a cool and moisturizing effect on the skin. ...
    Toothpaste. ...
    Honey. ...
    essential oil. ...
    Calamine lotion

Why do bee stings itch?

 
In addition, the part of the body stung by a bee usually feels swollen, red and itchy. This is because, when a honeybee or wasp stings you, the stinger is aimed at your skin. This wasp is another species of honey bee, usually wasps will sting more than 1 time.

How long does it take to recover from a wasp sting?


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Bee Sting Symptoms

Bumps and swelling can expand in 2-3 days, and last 5-10 days, depending on the body's reaction. People who are allergic to bee venom are at risk for their lives

Can wasp oil cure wasp stings?

 
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Cap Tawon CC . Rub Oil

Cap Tawon CC Rub Oil is one of the drugs that is considered effective for overcoming itching and swelling due to insect stings. Including as a medicine for being bitten by a wasp that is already swollen

When we are stung by a bee our skin swells and turns red. What really happens?
Simply put, it swells because there is a response from the leukocytes. Why swell? So that the parasite from the bee is collected (in a swollen place) and then phagocytosed by the leukocytes

 

 

 

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